Friday, December 20, 2019

The Theory Of Self Defense - 962 Words

Self-defense is described in the dictionary as; â€Å"the act of defending one s person when physically attacked, as by countering blows or overcoming an assailant† (â€Å"self-defense,† n.d.). The concept of self-defense appears well-defined; however, the tactics allowed to protect oneself have evolved just as America has. As technology and weaponry advance, the need for clearer laws pertaining to the actions allowed by an individual need to be reevaluated and clearly communicated. Starting in early colonial times and moving through history, there is a great deal of differences between the self-defense that was once permitted and what is acceptable and tolerated today. In early colonial times, Europeans began settling in America. During this time, there was a need for self-defense from both the Native Americans who were already settled on the â€Å"new land† and from the European invaders who wanted to take it over. Self-defense was originally termed the first law of nature, and citizens were allowed to use deadly force whenever they judged it necessary. This practice of self-defense existed during a time where the individual was considered the â€Å"†¦ judge, jury, and executioner† (Cornell, 2013). While being attacked, an individual was allowed to determine the course of action he or she could take to protect himself or herself--whether it be retreating or killing the perpetrator. During this time, items such as one’s own hands, bow and arrows, knives, and weapons of that sort were usedShow MoreRelatedLocke, Hobbes, Aquinas, and Machiavell Theory on Self-Defense and Governance1548 Words   |  7 Pagespolitical struct ures, theories, strategies he must first deconstruct the basis of society. By first deconstructing society, the theorist is then able to reconstruct society and simultaneously elaborate on each component of society to then theorize on effective political structures. Locke, Hobbes, Aquinas, and Machiavelli each followed this process in creating their political theories and at the very center of each of their theories is a commentary on human conflict. Self-defense is the very first typeRead MoreIs It Ever Okay? Essay1581 Words   |  7 Pageslaw, if a defendant can past the five elements of proving their attacker as dangerous and a threat, then no criminal charges will be filed against them (National Paralegal College, 2016). Even though you are still taking the life of someone else, Self Defense is the only form of killing that is okay because it is a form of protection and it can save you from being harmed or killed. Morally, killing someone else is never okay and usually this heinous crime, is not committed by the average person. HoweverRead MoreCultural Relativism And Racial Relativism Essay1169 Words   |  5 PagesQuestion 1 Cultural Relativism is a theory arguing that each different society follows a different moral code that is created by the majority and that is completely right and acceptable. A moral code is right, not because of any moral reason, but because a specific culture says it is. It is important to understand that Cultural Relativists believe that each group has the right moral code for themselves, even if there are contradictory moral codes in different societies. In James Rachels’ articleRead MoreEssay about Affirmative Defences881 Words   |  4 Pages Affirmative defenses is the answer to which a defendant gives the court in response to the crime they are charged with. There are two main types of affirmative defenses, Justifications and excuses. Justifications and excuses are answers that the defended did do the crime but they can give a wonderful and perfectly good reason why they did it and they should not be held responsible for the crime they committed. Because every case i s different there is a plethora of justifications and excuses, someRead MoreEmployment Advertisement And Employer Liability Over Employee Conduct892 Words   |  4 Pages(â€Å"ADEA†) contains the rule based on defense of bona fide occupational qualifications (â€Å"BFOQ†). Specifically, under ADEA, employer may not advertise based on age preferences. (Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967). Using age range or â€Å"young boy,† â€Å"young girl,† â€Å"college student,† or â€Å"recent college graduate,† will likely violate the ADEA. (29 C.F.R.  §1625.4(a)). However, employer can use BFOQ as a narrow exception defense (Miller, 2013). For BFOQ defense, the employer must prove that (1) requirementRead MoreSigmund Freud Theories1254 Words   |  6 Pagesis a well known name in the world of social science. Freud is responsible for revolutionary concepts such as the defense mechanisms and the iceberg metaphor outlining the human psych e. The knowledge of Freud’s concepts such as these have allowed me to gain a more thorough understanding of the complexity of my psyche and the causes of my behaviours in my everyday life. Freud’s theories aid me in explaining my actions in various situations in my social life and groups, my personal thoughts and motivesRead MoreFreud s Theory Of Personality974 Words   |  4 PagesFreud and his theories about the unconscious and behavior. It was one of the main focuses of my high school psychology class. However, I had never heard of his theories about personality before, and it was really interesting to learn about. He thought that the human psyche was structured into three parts; the id, superego, ego. Just those names alone make me want to learn about this interesting theory, and I really enjoyed researching this topic. The first part of Freud’s theory of personalityRead MoreHolden Uses Defense Mechanisms1372 Words   |  6 PagesConsequently, Holden uses defense mechanisms, â€Å"as a means of preventing anxiety that would result from conscious awareness of disturbing impulses, wishes, or ideas arising from the id,† (Nevid 471). Nevid explains that according to Freudian theory, defense mechanisms reside in the unconscious part of the human brain because if people were conscious of every single problem, people wouldn’t be able to function. Therefore, Holden is subconsciously utilizing defense mechanisms in order to shield himselfRead MorePsychoanalytic and Phenomenological Explanations of Persistent Antisocial Criminal Behavior1695 Words   |  7 Pagesinterrelated sources ranging from ones upbringing and quality of relationships to their own feelings of self-esteem and worth. Though this may seem relatively easy and un-complex, countless people today are engaged in persist ent antisocial, criminal behavior, and seem unable to find an alternative, legal, means of living. While many have tried to explain such behavior through various theories, the causes of criminal activity remain to be satisfactorily clarified. Essentially, antisocial criminalRead MoreCase Analysis : The Jodi Arias Story And Her Whereabouts Changed Three Times1689 Words   |  7 Pageswhereabouts changed three times. Sykes and Matza’s drift/neutralization techniques will be used to analyze her final alibi presented to authorities. Her motives or why she murdered her ex-boyfriend can be analyzed through Agnew’s general strain theory, evaluating the removal of positive stimuli and the introduction to negative stimuli. II. Background Details about the case Arias and Alexander met at a conference in Las Vegas in 2006. After meeting they entered into a relationship and Arias’

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